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STOP #COVID-19

What Is A Case Definition?

A case definition is a set of standard criteria for classifying whether a person has a particular disease, syndrome, or other health condition (COVID-19, in this case). Use of an agreed-upon standard case definition ensures that every case is equivalent, regardless of when or where it occurred, or who identified it. This means, once we know what a case is, we know exactly what to count and treat. Cases are defined as follows;

 

Suspect Case:

  • [A] A patient with acute respiratory illness (fever and at least one sign/symptom of respiratory disease, e.g., cough, shortness of breath), AND a history of travel to or residence in a location reporting community transmission of COVID-19 disease during the 14 days prior to symptom onset.

OR

  • [B] A patient with any acute respiratory illness AND having been in contact with a confirmed or probable COVID-19 case (see definition of contact) in the last 14 days prior to symptom onset;

OR

 

  • [C] A patient with severe acute respiratory illness (fever and at least one sign/symptom of respiratory disease, e.g., cough, shortness of breath; AND requiring hospitalization) AND in the absence of an alternative diagnosis that fully explains the clinical presentation.

 

Probable Case

  • [A] A suspect case for whom testing for the COVID-19 virus is inconclusive. a. Inconclusive being the result of the test reported by the laboratory.

OR

 

  • [B] A suspect case for whom testing could not be performed for any reason.

Confirmed Case:

A person with laboratory confirmation of COVID-19 infection, irrespective of clinical signs and symptoms.

 

Definition of Contact:

A contact is a person who experienced any one of the following exposures during the 2 days before and the 14 days after the onset of symptoms of a probable or confirmed case:

  1. Face-to-face contact with a probable or confirmed case within 1 meter and for more than 15 minutes;

  2. Direct physical contact with a probable or confirmed case;

  3. Direct care for a patient with probable or confirmed COVID-19 disease without using proper personal protective equipment1;

 

OR

 

4. Other situations as indicated by local risk assessments.